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Bergen City Guide

Bergen - 'Gateway to the Fjords' - is Norway's additional burghal and one of its best attractive. It has a adorable accustomed setting, with seven arty mountains surrounding it on three abandon and the island-dotted North Sea on the fourth. On a bright day, the access to the burghal by sea or air is a advantageous acquaintance - the bouldered islets and aerial mountains anatomy a affecting accomplishments for the rainbow-painted houses adhering to the abandon of the mountains all the way bottomward to the waterfront.

The Viking baron Olav Kyrre founded Bergen in 1070. With its advantageous aggregate of cloistral harbour and adjacency to affluent fishing grounds, it bound accustomed itself as one of Norway's best important towns. By the alpha of the 13th century, it was Norway's capital, a cachet it enjoyed until the backward 1200s, back the bench of government transferred to Christiania - the burghal nowadays accepted as Oslo. Economic success was added assured in the 14th aeon back the Hanseatic League, a German organisation created to advance barter amid the eastern and western genitalia of Northern Europe, chose Bergen as one of its four capital bases. The League's offices and warehouses, the Bryggen (wharfside), are the alone survivors of the four aboriginal Hanseatic Kontors (trading offices). In 1980, UNESCO appointed this commune a Cultural World Heritage Site. By 1600, the burghal was Scandinavia's largest, with 15000 inhabitants.

Despite the dismantling of the Hanseatic League in the 18th century, Bergen remained a acknowledged trading port. Greater abundance came with the analysis of North Sea oil in the 1960s, which led to a fresh arrival of adopted nationals - added than 5000 currently alive and assignment in the city, the better distinct accumulation actuality the British.

Bergen's continued history as Norway's arch anchorage and after as an all-embracing business and day-tripper centre lends it a added catholic air than added above Norwegian cities. The atmosphere about the Torget (market), the focal point of the city's amusing life, with its all-embracing mix of restaurants, cafés and pubs, reflects this. Additionally, although fishing, aircraft and added amphibian industries still comedy a above role in Bergen's economy, all-embracing tourism is acceptable an more cogent assets source.

The locals - accepted as Bergenseners - are affable and broadly admired as the best approachable of Norwegians. They are badly appreciative of their city, its history and traditions. Bergen is a burghal abundantly able with museums, galleries and added cultural institutions - the arts amount ample in the city's activity and it was a European Burghal of Culture in 2000.

The aiguille day-tripper division runs from May to September, although it is aloof as acceptable to rain again as at any added time. The breadth has the arguable honour of experiencing one of Europe's accomplished boilerplate anniversary condensate counts. However, this should not blemish a appointment completely, as there is affluence to do indoors. Amid November and March, the rain turns to barrage or snow but alike the affliction winter acclimate is not acrid by Norwegian standards - temperatures not often bore beneath -5ºC (23ºF).