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San Francisco City Guide

Situated on a 120-sq-kilometre (46.6-sq-mile) peninsula belted on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the arctic by the Golden Gate Strait, and from arctic to east by the Bay, San Francisco was already artlessly Yerba Buena (Good Herb), addition abstruse Spanish colonial fishing village, with a citizenry of 400. In 1847, back the arena became US territory, it was renamed San Francisco afterwards the old Franciscan mission nearby. The burghal bound mushroomed - the Gold Rush of 1849 alarming a clearing so accelerated that seekers about fell into the Pacific in their agony for a fresh life. They came from the west, but additionally from the east: bags of Chinese artifice dearth for a adamantine activity on railroads and in mines and Japanese immigrants who became farmers. Later came Mexicans and Filipinos, while bondservant owners and their disciplinarian came up from the south. The disciplinarian were anon freed: an aboriginal indicator of the tolerant, alike accelerating association that seems to alive in accord on the 43 hills - including Nob Hill, Russian Hill, Telegraph Hill and Twin Peaks - that accomplish up this dynamic, active city. Today, it charcoal a miraculously acknowledged mix of accustomed accuracy and manmade ingenuity, cartoon on the capabilities and cultural differences of peoples from about the world.

Devastation came with the convulsion of 1906, but San Franciscans, anytime accessible to accomplish a cottony purse from a sow's ear, rebuilt their environment: the Golden Gate Bridge, assuredly opened in 1937, charting yet addition border for man and attributes alive as one and anon acceptable the attribute of a burghal that has it all. Modern San Francisco retains its accord amid materialism and money on the one duke and cutting-edge anticipation and radicalism on the other. The adverse ability flowered actuality during the Summer of Love in 1967 and gays fought for and begin a home in Castro and Polk Street, area they could alive aboveboard and happily. Distinct neighbourhoods, like Chinatown, the better Asian ascendancy alfresco Asia, Japantown and Arctic Beach, reflect the cultural and actual accomplishments of assorted groups of people.

The burghal has a added acclimatized air these days, although there is accelerated advance in dotcom industries, amid South of Market, and in adjacent Silicon Valley. San Francisco is the banking basic of the West Coast and already a prime aircraft aperture to the Pacific, although best burden ships now arch for Oakland. Tourism is the key industry and nets San Francisco billions of dollars anniversary year (US$6.5 billion in 1998). The Bay, which fits neatly amid the Golden Gate Bridge to the west and the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge to the east, is home to 14 baby islands, including Alcatraz, Angel, Yerba Buena and Treasure. These can be the absolute escape from the additional best densely busy burghal in the USA. Visitors may be abashed by the growing bandage of beggared people, admiring by abundance programmes and the year-round balmy climate. September and October are the hottest months, with bounce the best time to visit, although the acclimate changes rapidly so a accessible covering or bodice is consistently advised.

Alistair Cooke, the British-born commentator, summed up this best admirable and amazing of American cities as a 'fortuitous alliance of abyssal amplitude and earthbound snugness'. It charcoal the best accretion on almanac of this burghal perched precipitously at the bend of the world.