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Botswana Country Guide


Central southern Africa.


GMT + 2.


581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles).


1.8 actor (estimate 2008).

Population Density

3.2 per sq km.


Gaborone. Population: 208,411 (estimate 2005).


Botswana is landlocked, belted to the south and east by South Africa, to the northeast by Zimbabwe and to the arctic and west by Namibia. It additionally touches Zambia aloof west of the Victoria Falls. The tableland of the Kalahari Desert covers the centre and south. The arch wildlife areas are the Okavango Basin to the northwest, the better civil basin in the world, which includes the Moremi Game Reserve; Chobe Civic Park in the north, including Savute and the Linyanti Marshes; and Kgalagadi Transfrontier Civic Park in the far southwest, co-managed with South Africa.

The majority of the citizenry lives in the southeast about Gaborone, Serowe and Kanye forth the South African border. The all-inclusive barren sandveld of the Kalahari occupies abundant of axial and western Botswana. The melancholia rains accompany a ample aberration to the vegetation, abnormally in the Makgadikgadi Pans and the Okavango Delta.


Republic back 1966.

Head of State

President Festus Gontebanye Mogae back 1998.


The Botswana Autonomous Affair (BDP) has bedeviled the country's backroom back it acquired independence. At the best contempo accepted election, in 2004, Festus Mogae won a fresh five-year appellation by a barrage majority. He retired in 2008, handing over to his vice-president, Ian Khama. The capital action affair is the Botswana Civic Front (BNF).

Botswana has benefited both politically and economically from the appearance of autonomous government in South Africa. The government's capital calm antecedence is to accouterment the HIV/AIDS pandemic; it additionally has to accord with bags of refugees from neighbouring Zimbabwe, and the arguable affair of acreage rights for aboriginal Bushmen.


English is the official language. Setswana is the civic language, with minorities speaking Kalanga and Sekgalagadi.


Christianity, Roman Catholic and aboriginal beliefs. There are abundant baby Zionist and Apostolic churches in rural villages, as able-bodied as United Reformed (Congregational and Methodist), Dutch Reformed, Lutheran, Methodist and Anglican churches, and predominantly departer Muslim, Quaker, Hindu and Bahai congregations in aloft towns.


220-240 volts AC, 50Hz. 15- and 13-amp bung sockets are in use. Plugs acclimated are British-style with two collapsed blades and one collapsed accomplishments blade, or South African/Indian-style with two annular metal pins aloft a ample annular accomplishments pin.

Social Conventions

As best bodies in Botswana chase their adequate arrangement of life, visitors should be acute to community which will accordingly be alien to them. Outside burghal areas and carnival destinations, bodies may able-bodied not be acclimated to visitors. Casual accouterment is adequate and, in burghal centres, accustomed courtesies should be observed.

Photography: Airports, official residences and defence establishments should not be photographed. Permission should be acquired to photograph bounded people.