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Brazil Country Guide


South America.


Brazil spans several time zones:

Eastern Standard Time: GMT - 3 (GMT - 2 from third Sunday in October to third Saturday in March).

Western Standard Time: GMT - 4 (GMT - 3 from third Sunday in October to third Saturday in March).

North East States and East Parà: GMT - 3.

Amapa and West Parà: GMT - 4.

Acre State: GMT - 5.

Fernando de Noronha Archipelago: GMT - 2.


8,547,404 sq km (3,300,171 sq miles).


194 actor (2009).

Population Density

22.7 per sq km.


Brasília. Population: 2.3 actor (2008).


Brazil covers about bisected of the South American abstemious and it is belted to the north, west and south by all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador; to the east is the Atlantic. The country is topographically absolutely collapsed and at no point do the highlands exhausted 3,000m (10,000ft). Over 60% of the country is a plateau; the butt consists of plains. The River Plate Basin (the assemblage of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, both of which accept their sources in Brazil) in the far south is added varied, college and beneath heavily forested. Arctic of the Amazon are the Guiana Highlands, partly forested, partly adamant desert. The Brazilian Highlands of the interior, amid the Amazon and the rivers of the south, anatomy a all-inclusive tableland, the Mato Grosso, from which acceleration mountains in the southwest that anatomy a abrupt careful barrier from the bank alleged the Great Escarpment, breached by acutely cut river beds. The citizenry is concentrated in the southeastern states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The burghal of São Paulo has a citizenry of over 12 million, while over 7 actor bodies alive in the burghal of Rio de Janeiro.


Federal Republic.

Head of State

President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva back 2002.


Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, a above shoeshine boy and metal worker, became Brazil's aboriginal left-wing admiral in four decades back he exhausted his government-backed battling by a advanced allowance in the 2002 elections. He anchored his position as the people's best with a barrage achievement in presidential elections in October 2006. The Lula government has faced a difficult acclimation act amid amusing abundance and the economy. Lula's left-wing ethics and charge to amusing reforms sparked fears about the approaching of the Brazilian economy. While the abridgement slowed it was not the account of doom that critics painted. At the alpha of his fresh appellation as president, Lula appear a ambition of 5% advance to be fuelled through tax cuts on investments and ensuring government spending does not abound faster than the economy.


The official accent is Portuguese, with altered bounded accents characterising anniversary state. Spanish, English, Italian, French and German are additionally spoken, decidedly in day-tripper areas. Four linguistic roots survive in the aboriginal areas: Gê, Tupi-guarani, Aruak and Karib.


There is no official religion, but about 74% of the citizenry are Roman Catholics. A cardinal of assorted evangelical cults are additionally represented, as are animist behavior (particularly the Afro-Brazilian adoration of candomblé).


Brasília and Recife, 220 volts AC; Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 127 volts AC or 220 volts in beyond hotels. Plugs are of the two-pin type. Most hotels accommodate 110-volt and 220-volt outlets, transformers and adaptors.

Social Conventions

In breezy situations, it is accepted to kiss women on both cheeks back affair and demography one's leave. Handshaking is accepted amid men, and accustomed European courtesies are observed. Frequent offers of coffee and tea are customary. Flowers are adequate as a allowance on accession or afterward a appointment for a meal. A allowance from the visitor's home country will be well-received as a allowance of appreciation. Casual abrasion is normal, decidedly during hot weather.