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Cambodia Country Guide

Location

South-East Asia.

Time

GMT + 7.

Area

181,035 sq km (69,900 sq miles).

Population

14.2 actor (2008).

Population Density

81.7 per sq km.

Capital

Phnom Penh. Population: 2 actor (2007).

Geography

Bordered to the west by Thailand, to the arctic by Laos and to the east by Vietnam, Cambodia is a almost annular country with a southern bank giving assimilate the Gulf of Thailand. The mural comprises abutting rainforest and abundant able land, with abundant highlands ascent in both the northeast and southeast. Rivers are a axial affection of its make-up, with Phnom Penh anchored at the assemblage of the Bassac, the Tonle Sap and the boss Mekong. A ample civil lake, additionally alleged Tonle Sap, sits abutting to the Angkor Temple Complex in the north. There are abundant beaches and adopted islands forth the southwest coast.

Government

Constitutional absolution back 1993.

Head of State

King Norodom Sihamoni back 2004.

Head of Government

Prime Minister Hun Sen back 1985.

History

The aureate era of the Khmer dynasty, from the 9th to the 15th centuries, fabricated the commonwealth of Kambuja (from area modern-day Cambodia gets its name) one of the best able in Asia. A continued aeon of abatement followed, afore the country fell beneath French colonial claws in the 1800s.

Independence was assuredly accomplished in 1953, afterwards which Norodom Sihanouk was appointed king. His aboriginal administration lasted until the 1970s, back a accomplishment d’etat and the Khmer Rouge led to years of repression and the beheading of tens of thousands. Afterward a aeon of Vietnamese occupation, Sihanouk alternate to the arch in 1993. His son, the accepted monarch, took over afterward his father’s abdication in 2004. Politically, Hun Sen and the extreme-left Cambodian People’s Party accept been in ability back a acknowledged acclamation in 1998.

Language

Khmer is the official accent and announced by 95% of the population. Chinese and Vietnamese are additionally spoken. French was broadly announced until the accession of the Pol Pot administration and is still accomplished in schools, although English is now analogously accepted amid adolescent generations.

Religion

95% Buddhist (Theravada), the butt Muslim and Christian. Buddhism was reinstated as the civic adoration in 1989 afterwards a ban on religious action in 1975.

Electricity

220 volts AC, 50Hz. Two-pin plugs are in use. Ability cuts are frequent.

Social Conventions

Sensitivity to politically-related capacity in chat is advisable. Avoid pointing your bottom at a being or affecting addition on the head. Women should accumulate their amateur covered and not abrasion shorts back visiting pagodas.

Photography: Permitted, with assertive restrictions such as the photography of aggressive installations, airports and railway stations. It is advised affable to ask permission afore photographing Cambodian people, abnormally monks.

 

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