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Chile Country Guide


West bank of South America.


Mainland and Juan Fernández Islands: GMT - 4 (GMT - 3 from additional Sunday in October to additional Saturday in March).

Easter Island: GMT - 6 (GMT - 5 from additional Sunday in October to additional Saturday in March).


756,626 sq km (292,058 sq miles).


17 actor (2008 estimate).

Population Density

22 per sq km.


Santiago (de Chile). Population: 6.1 actor (last official census).


Chile is anchored in South America, belted to the arctic by Peru, to the east by Bolivia and Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by the Antarctic. The country contest ascendancy over a cardinal of islands off the coast, including the Juan Fernández Islands and Easter Island. Chile is 4,329km (2,690 miles) continued and boilerplate added than 180km (112 miles) wide.

The Andes and a added westerly littoral altitude ambit run alongside with anniversary added for abundant of the country's length. The littoral ambit forms high, angled cliffs into the sea from the arctic to the axial area. Amid the ranges runs a abundant valley, except in the arctic breadth axle ranges accompany the two above ones, and in the far south breadth the sea has burst through the littoral ambit to anatomy an array of archipelagos and channels.

Wide variations in clay and a all-inclusive aberration in altitude are reflected in an asperous citizenry distribution, and in a advanced ambit of occupations. The Atacama desert, the driest in the world, is in the arctic allotment of the country, which is additionally the capital mining area. The axial breadth is Chile predominantly agricultural, and is generally referred to as the belly of Chile. This is breadth the two-thirds of the citizenry reside. Below Concepción, there are ample tracts of forested land, although the breadth additionally has some agriculture.


Republic. Gained ability from Spain in 1810.

Head of State

President Michelle Bachelet back January 2006.


Now in its fourth alternating term, the Concertación affiliation has absolute the country back Chile's acknowledgment to capitalism in 1990.

Currently led by Chile's aboriginal anytime woman president, Michelle Bachelet, who came to ability in 2006, the country faces abounding accustomed problems in the present era of banking instability. Prices for copper, the country's capital export, accept collapsed acutely recently, while aerial aggrandizement has sparked agitation amid civilian servants. Corruption scandals abide to dog assertive genitalia of the government, in accurate the Ministry of Public Works.

Chile's activity needs are additionally a antecedent of abundant debate, with awaiting dam projects in the south causing abundant affair amid environmentalists.


Spanish (official), Mapudungu (the accent of the Mapuche), Rapanui ( Easter Island) and Aymara.


Christian (mostly Roman Catholic).


220 volts AC, 50Hz. European plugs with two annular metal pins are used.

Social Conventions

Chileans are generally apparent as added academic than others in South America. Handshaking is the accepted anatomy of greeting amid men. On informal, amusing occasions, women usually accost accompany with a distinct kiss on the cheek. It is actual accepted to absorb at home and it is adequate for invitees to accord baby presents as a badge of thanks.