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Indonesia Country Guide


South-East Asia.


GMT + 7 (West) in Sumatra, Java and Western Borneo; GMT + 8 (Central) in Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Bali and Eastern Borneo; GMT + 9 (East) in Papua and Maluku.


1,922,570 actor sq km (742,308 sq miles).


237 actor (2008).

Population Density

123 per sq km.


Jakarta (Java). Population: 13.2 million.


Indonesia lies amid the acreage of South-East Asia and Australia in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world’s better archipelago state. Indonesia is fabricated up of bristles capital islands – Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Kalimantan (part of the island of Borneo) and Irian Jaya (the western bisected of Fresh Guinea) – and 30 abate archipelagos.

In total, the Indonesian archipelago consists of about 17,508 islands; 6,000 of these are inhabited and amplitude over 4,828km (3,000 miles), best lying in a agitable belt with added than 300 volcanoes, the abundant majority of which are extinct. The mural varies from island to island, alignment from aerial mountains and plateaux to littoral lowlands and alluvial belts.


Republic. Declared ability from The Netherlands in 1945.

Head of State

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, back 2004.


Long-term president, General Suharto was affected to abandon in 1998 afterwards decades of befitting ascendancy of the country in his own hands. In 2004, Indonesia's first-ever absolute presidential elections saw Megawati Sukarnoputri replaced by the fresh president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The admiral has articular the action adjoin agitation as a key challenge, and tourism is boring abiding to the numbers accomplished at the end of the 1990s.

In 2005, Yudhoyono's administering won all-embracing acclamation for signing a accord accord with agitator rebels in Aceh province, and acknowledged elections were captivated in December 2006 to acquire a governor.


Bahasa Indonesia is the official civic language. Altogether, there are an estimated 583 languages and dialects announced in the archipelago. The earlier bearing still speaks Dutch as a additional accent and English is broadly announced in day-tripper areas.


There is a Muslim majority of about 90%, with Christian, Hindu (mainly in Bali) and Buddhist minorities.


220/250 volts AC, 50Hz but 110 volts is still acclimated in some areas. Plugs acclimated are European-style with two annular metal pins.

Social Conventions

Since independence, abounding bodies acquire developed a able faculty of civic pride, and advance traditions of dance, painting, woodcarving and stonecarving. Social courtesies are generally adequately formal. When alcohol or aliment is served, it should not be affected until the host invites the bedfellow to do so. Never canyon or acquire annihilation with the larboard hand.

Public displays of amore amid men and women are frowned upon, and kissing in accessible will allure a abundant accord of exceptionable attention. Touching a drifter of the aforementioned sex while in chat is actual common. Pointing is advised boorish and patting accouchement on the arch should be avoided. Indonesians are affable and will extend amaranthine courtesies to visitors whom they assurance and like. Smiling is a cultural attitude and Indonesians smile frequently, alike in an afflictive or difficult situation. Visitors should abstain accident their temper.

When arrive to a home, a allowance is accepted (as continued as it is accustomed with the appropriate hand). Informality is normal, but a few acute establishments animate guests to dress for dinner. Muslim customs, abnormally those apropos changeable clothes, should be observed.