jamaica Country Guide
GMT - 5.
10,991 sq km (4,244 sq miles).
2.8 actor (CIA appraisal 2007).
252.5 sq km.
Kingston. Population: 660,000.
With an breadth of 10,911 sq km (4,244 sq miles), Jamaica is the better island of the Commonwealth Caribbean and the third better of the Greater Antilles, afterwards Cuba and Hispaniola. A abundantly aerial area alcove 2,256m (7,402ft) at the Blue Mountain Peak in the east, bottomward westward in a alternation of ridges and forested ravines. Over 1,000km (621 miles) of bank offers accomplished beaches in the arctic and west. At its greatest extent, Jamaica is 235km (146 miles) continued with a amplitude that varies amid 35 and 82 km (22 and 51 miles). The island is a division the admeasurement of Estonia, bisected the admeasurement of the Scottish Highlands, almost the aforementioned admeasurement of the American accompaniment of Connecticut.
Constitutional monarchy. Gained ability from the UK in 1962.
Head of State
HM Queen Elizabeth II, represented locally by Governor-General Patrick Linton Allen.
Head of Government
Prime Abbot Bruce Golding back 2007.
Jamaica has a abiding political system. The People's Civic Party (PNP, amusing democrat) captivated ability from February 1989 to September 2006. In October 2002 elections the PNP won a fourth afterwards appellation in office, giving PJ Patterson an aberrant fourth appellation as prime minister. He accommodated in March 2006, afterwards 14 years in the role. Portia Simpson Miller, the newly-elected baton of the cardinal PNP, automatically succeeded him, acceptable Jamaica's seventh prime abbot and the aboriginal changeable to booty office. Underemployment, civic debt, aerial absorption rates, gang-related crimes and labour agitation remained the government's above challenges. In 2007, Bruce Golding led his Jamaica Labour Party to achievement in a carefully fought election.
The official accent is English, but Patois is the communicative accent best Jamaicans use on a circadian basis.
Jamaica has the best churches per capita of any country in the world. Protestant majority (Anglican, Baptist, Church of God and Methodist) with Roman Catholic, Jewish, Muslim, Hindu and Bahai communities. Rastafarianism, a adoration based on acceptance in the divinity of the backward Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari), is additionally broadly practised. Jamaica additionally has a cardinal of baby augur cults.
Electrical outlets on Jamaica do not chase a standard. Expect 110 volts or 220 volts AC (50 Cycle), 60Hz, distinct appearance with American two-pin plugs or 220 volts AC, 50Hz, distinct phase, from three-pin sockets.
Social Conventions Away from the fast-paced basic city, Jamaica is apathetic and relaxed. Handshaking is the accepted anatomy of greeting. Jamaicans are accessible and it is not aberrant to be arrive into a bounded home area accustomed amusing conventions apply. When it comes to day attire, beachwear is alone advised adapted for the poolside or the bank and is frowned aloft elsewhere. Eveningwear varies, from the academic jacket-and-tie dress codes in abounding top restaurants to the added airy accidental accouterment in bank bars. Marijuana, or ganja as it is accepted in Jamaica, is actionable to possess, use or export. Possession may advance to imprisonment and deportation.