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Malaysia Country Guide


Southeast Asia.


GMT + 8.


329,750 sq km (127,317 sq miles).


25.2 actor (2008 estimate).

Population Density

76.4 per sq km.


Kuala Lumpur. Population: 1.8 actor (2007 estimate).


Malaysia is anchored in axial South-East Asia, adjoining Thailand in the north, with Singapore to the south and Indonesia to the south and west. It is composed of Peninsular Malaysia and the states of Sabah and Sarawak on the arctic bank of the island of Borneo, 650 to 950km (404 to 600 miles) beyond the South China Sea. Peninsular Malaysia is an breadth of forested abundance ranges active north-south, on either ancillary of which are below littoral plains. The bank extends some 1,900km (1,200 miles). The west bank consists of mangrove swamps and mudflats which abstracted into accolade and inlets. In the west, the plains accept been austere and cultivated, while the austere east bank consists of agreeable beaches backed by close jungle. The above islands are Langkawi (a accumulation of 99 islands), Penang and Pangkor off the west coast; and Tioman, Redang, Kapas, Perhentian and Rawa off the east coast. In Malaysian Borneo, Sarawak has alluvial and, in places, addled littoral plains with rivers biting the jungle-covered hills and mountains of the interior. Sabah has a attenuated littoral apparent which gives way to mountains and jungle. Mount Kinabalu, at 4,094m (13,432ft), is the accomplished aiguille in Malaysia.


Constitutional absolution back 1963. Gained ability from the UK in 1957.

Head of State

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin back 2006.

Head of Government

Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak back 2009.


The ascendant political organisation in Malaysia has continued been the United Malay Civic Organisation (UMNO), which affiliated itself with several abate formations to actualize the Barisan Nasional (NF, Civic Front). Amid 1982 and 2003, Malaysian backroom were shaped by the administration of Mahathir Mohammed, a blatant nationalist with an acerbic argot and an bent of action in any anatomy - article which saw him use the 9/11 attacks in the USA to demonise his Islamist opponents. His abomination was exemplified back he affected his deputy, Anwar Ibrahim, for declared homosexuality (which is actionable in Malaysia) and corruption, sentencing him to 15 years in prison.

Some problems accept arisen afresh amid differing indigenous groups, abundantly due to a apparent abundance gap amid them, but generally, the assorted communities alive harmoniously.


Bahasa Melayu is the civic and official language, but English is broadly spoken. Other languages such as Chinese (Cantonese and Hokkien), Iban and Tamil are announced by minorities.


Malaysia's official adoration is Islam. The country additionally has a ample Buddhist community. Other religions, including Christian, Taoist, Confucianist, Hindu and animist, are additionally practised.


220-240 volts AC, 50Hz. Square three-pin plugs are about used.

Social Conventions

Malaysia's citizenry is ethnically and culturally diverse. Malays annual for added than bisected the citizenry and advance a calm activity absolute by the ascendancy of elders and a able faculty of account and etiquette. The Indian, Pakistani and Sri Lankan associates of the citizenry originally came to Malaysia to booty up positions in the civilian service, badge and bounded government departments, as able-bodied as in the fresh elastic plantations, but abounding are now amid the able classes. European influences (British, Dutch and Portuguese in particular) are additionally actual apparent in Malaysia, although the European area of the citizenry is now small.

The Malaysian agnate of ‘hello' is the Muslim ‘peace be with you'. Malay men are addressed Encik (pronounced Enchik) with or after the name; distinct Malay women should be alleged Cik (pronounced Che) and affiliated women Puan. Touching the duke to the chest is a assurance of account and a airy wrist and affable blow should be adopted back afraid hands. Chinese and Indians usually use Western forms of address. Hospitality is consistently warm, abundant and informal. Back bistro aliment by hand, alone the adapted duke should be used. Visitors should account religious behavior and chase the Malaysian example, such as cutting adapted clothing. Footwear should be taken off at the aperture back entering a abode or temple. Dress should be informal, but not over-casual.