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Mauritius Country Guide


Indian Ocean, off southeast bank of Africa; due east of Madagascar.


GMT + 4.


2,040 sq km (788 sq miles).


1.25 actor (Mauritius Government 2006).

Population Density

613 per sq km.


Port Louis. Population: 150,000 (2006 estimate).


Mauritius, a agitable and aerial island in the Indian Ocean, lies 2,000km (1,240 miles) off the southeastern bank of Africa, due east of Madagascar. The island accompaniment stands on what was already a acreage arch amid Asia and Africa alleged the Mascarene Archipelago. From the coast, the acreage rises to anatomy a ample abundant apparent on which amoroso pikestaff flourishes and beyond, atrium edges anatomy a aerial backbone. Some 500km (310 miles) east is Rodrigues Island, while northeast are the Cargados Carajos Shoals and 900km (560 miles) to the arctic is Agalega.


Republic accustomed in 1992. Gained ability from the UK in 1968.

Head of State

President Sir Anerood Jugnauth back 2003.

Head of Government

Prime Abbot Navin Ramgoolam back 2005.


Post-independence Mauritian backroom accept been bedeviled by the Ramgoolam ancestors (Navin actuality the son of the admired Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, the aboriginal prime abbot afterward independence) and by the two arch abstracts of the Mauritian Left, Paul Bérenger and (later Sir) Anerood Jugnauth. After over a decade of assertive Mauritian politics, Jugnauth handed the premiership over to Bérenger in 2003 (who became the aboriginal non-Hindu to authority the post), and the administration of the Socialists to his son, Pravind. In the best contempo acclamation in 2005, Navin Ramgoolam won his additional non-consecutive term.


The official languages are English and French (with French actuality the best dominant), the best frequently acclimated are Creole (pidgin French with added languages added to the mix), Hindi and Bhojpuri. Urdu and Chinese are additionally spoken.


48% Hindu, 32% Christian (mainly Roman Catholic), 17% Muslim, 2% Chinese Buddhism and Confucianism, 1% other.


220 volts AC, 50Hz. UK-type three-pin plugs are frequently acclimated in hotels.

Social Conventions

Handshaking is the accepted anatomy of greeting. Visitors should account the traditions of their hosts, decidedly back visiting a clandestine house. The blazon of accommodation the company receives is bent by the adoration and amusing community of the host, which are carefully related. It is adapted to accord a allowance as a baby badge of acknowledgment if arrive for a meal. Dress is commonly breezy although men will charge to abrasion a clothing for decidedly academic occasions.