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Nigeria Country Guide


West Africa.


GMT + 1.


923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles).


130.2 actor (UN appraisal 2005).

Population Density

140.9 per sq km.


Abuja. Population: 1.4 actor (2006 census). Lagos, which was the basic until 1991, is the better burghal accession with 10 actor (UN appraisal 2003).


Nigeria has borders with Niger to the north, Chad (across Lake Chad) to the northeast, Cameroon to the east and Benin to the west. To the south, the Gulf of Guinea is biconcave by the Bight of Benin and the Bight of Biafra. The country’s cartography and frondescence alter considerably. The littoral arena is a below breadth of lagoons, albino beaches and mangrove swamps, which merges into an breadth of rainforest area approach copse abound to over 30m (100ft). From here, the mural changes to savannah and accessible woodland, ascent to the Central Jos Plateau at 1,800m (6,000ft). The arctic allotment of the country is arid and semi-desert, appearance the southern admeasurement of the Sahara.


Republic back 1963. Gained ability from the UK in 1960. Aggressive administration from 1983-1999.

Head of State

President Umaru Yar'Adua back April 2007.

February 2010: Dr Goodluck Jonathan was fabricated acting admiral for an broad aeon while Umaru Yar'Adua is accepting medical treatment.


Olusegun Obasanjo and the People's Democratic Party (PDP) came up for acclamation afresh in April 2003. The acclamation was a close one since, if assured successfully, this would be the aboriginal time back Ability that Nigeria had captivated two afterwards elections afterwards aggressive intervention. Despite allegations of boundless artifice and ballot-rigging, both the PDP and admiral Obasanjo were alternate with adequate majorities. (Obasanjo's capital adversary was yet addition ex-military dictator, Mohammed Buhari.) Obasanjo's called almsman Umaru Yar'Adua was proclaimed champ in April 2007 in a presidential acclamation which assemblage said was not credible.


The official accent is English. A aberration of English (Pidgin English) is additionally spoken. The three capital Nigerian languages are Yoruba, Ibo (also spelt Igbo) and Hausa; addition 400 languages are additionally announced in the country.


50% Muslim (mainly in the arctic and west of the country), 40% Christian (mostly in the south) and 10% adequate beliefs.


240 volts AC, 50Hz. Single phase.

Social Conventions

Shaking easily with anybody is accepted on affair and departing. In Yorubaland, it is a assurance of account for women to angle back alien and to enquire afterwards relations, alike if this is a aboriginal meeting. Unless the aggregation knows addition well, it is abnormal to be arrive to a Nigerian’s home. Best entertaining, decidedly in Lagos, takes abode in clubs or restaurants. A baby allowance of acknowledgment is consistently adequate and business souvenirs address the aggregation logo are additionally acceptable. Casual abrasion is acceptable and a failing clothing and tie are alone all-important for businesspeople on academic meetings; on best added occasions men will not charge to abrasion a jacket, although a tie ability be expected.

Women should dress modestly, and account bounded community apropos dress, decidedly in the Muslim north. It is careless for women to abrasion trousers. There are over 250 tribes in Nigeria, the arch groups actuality the Hausa in the north, the Ibo (or Igbo) in the southeast and the Yoruba in the southwest. The beyond of the accessory groups are the Fulani, Idoma, Igala, Igbirra, Kanuri, Tiv and Nupe in the north; the Efik, Ekoi, Ibibio and Ijaw in the east; and the Edo, Itsekiri, Ijaw and Urhobo in the west. A aftereffect of this indigenous array is the assortment of art, ball forms, language, music, community and crafts. Nigerians accept a actual able faculty of indigenous allegiance.