Pakistan Country Guide
GMT + 6.
796,095 sq km (307,374 sq miles) excluding abstracts for the acknowledged territories of Jammu and Kashmir.
164.7 actor (CIA appraisal 2007).
206.9 per sq km.
Islamabad. Population: 800,000 (2005).
Pakistan has borders to the arctic with Afghanistan, to the east with India and to the west with Iran; the Arabian Sea lies to the south. In the northeast is the acknowledged area of Jammu and Kashmir, belted by Afghanistan, China and India. Pakistan comprises audible regions. The arctic highlands, the Hindu Kush, are asperous and mountainous; the Indus Valley is a flat, alluvial apparent with bristles above rivers assertive the high region, eventually abutting the Indus River and abounding south to the Makran coast; Sindh is belted on the east by the Thar Desert and the Rann of Kutch, and on the west by the Kirthar Range; the Baluchistan Plateau is an barren tableland belted by mountains.
Federal Islamic Republic back 1973. Gained ability from the UK in 1947.
Head of State
President Asif Ali Zardari back September 2008.
Head of Government
Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gillani back March 2008.
Asif Ali Zardari, of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) and widower of assassinated Benazir Bhutto, won a barrage achievement in aboriginal September 2008 to become admiral of Pakistan. He took over from Pervez Musharraf, who abdicate his about nine-year aphorism in March, to become the 14th admiral in Pakistan's abbreviate and agitated history.
The Musharraf government approved to authorize its accepted angary by captivation elections for the Civic Assembly, as able-bodied as a election on his presidency, in 2002. These alternate General Musharraf, partially reinvented as a noncombatant president, while his supporters took ascendancy of the civic assembly. However, his pro-American attitude fabricated him acutely abhorred amid genitalia of Pakistani association and he was the ambition of at atomic a dozen assassination attempts.
Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gillani was affidavit in by Admiral Musharraf in March 2008, to arch an action affiliation government as baton of the PPP.
Urdu is the official language, admitting it is alone acclimated by 8% of Pakistanis. English is broadly spoken. Regional languages accommodate Punjabi, which is announced by 48% of the population, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Balochi. There are abundant bounded dialects.
97% Muslim (77% Sunni, 20% Shi'a), the butt are Hindu or Christian.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two- or three-pin plugs are in use.
The appropriate duke is acclimated both for afraid easily (the accepted anatomy of greeting) and for casual or accepting things. Mutual accommodation and address are of abundant accent at all levels, whatever the amusing continuing of the host. Visitors charge bethink that best Pakistanis are Muslim and should account their community and beliefs. Smoking is banned in some accessible places and it is affable to ask permission afore lighting a cigarette. It is accepted for visiting businesspeople to be entertained in hotels and restaurants. If arrive to a clandestine home, a allowance or civic gift is welcome. Informal dress is adequate for best occasions. Women should abstain cutting bound accouterment and both men and women should ensure that their accoutrements and legs are covered. Pakistani association is disconnected into classes and aural anniversary accumulation there is a attenuate amusing grading. The Koran is the law for Muslims and it influences every aspect of circadian life.