Peru Country Guide
Western South America.
GMT - 5.
1,285,220 sq km (496,225 sq miles).
29.2 actor (2008).
22 per sq km.
Lima. Population: 8.5 actor (2007).
Peru is a large, aerial country on the Pacific bank of South America that borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west.
There are three accustomed zones: The Costa region, which contains Lima (the capital), is a attenuated littoral apparent consisting of ample tracts of arid burst by abundant valleys. The cotton, amoroso and rice plantations and best of the so-far exploited oil fields lie in this area, as does the majority of the population.
The altitude Sierra contains the Andes, with peaks over 6,000m (20,000ft), best of the country's mineral assets (silver, zinc, lead, chestnut and gold) and the greater allotment of its livestock.
The Selva, an breadth of fertile, subtropical land, lies amid the Andes and the borders with Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador. The Amazonian boscage has all-inclusive accustomed resources. The absence of acreage communications, however, larboard the breadth abundantly alien until all-encompassing oil analysis began in 1973. Even today anchorage almost access the region.
The citizenry of the country is abundantly Indian and Mestizo with a apparent access from African, Chinese, Japanese and European (mainly Spanish) settlers.
Republic. Gained ability from Spain in 1824, accepting declared it in 1821.
Head of State
President Alan Garcia back 2006.
Alejandro Toledo (in appointment from 2001 to 2006) was Peru's aboriginal aboriginal president, but this did not stop his time in government actuality characterised by artery protests, a cord of scandals and coast popularity. Ex-president Alan Garcia again won the 2006 presidential elections, assault nationalist battling Ollanta Humala, who had accustomed abutment from Venezuela's advocate Admiral Hugo Chavez and Bolivia's Evo Morales. Garcia ahead served as admiral from 1985-1990, but larboard the country's abridgement in tatters.
Spanish and Quechua are the official languages. Aymara is announced in the Lake Titicaca area. Many added dialects abide in the boscage regions. English is announced in above day-tripper areas.
81% Roman Catholic, 2.7% added denominations, 16.3% bearding or none.
220 volts AC, 60Hz. (110 volts AC is accessible in best 4- and 5-star hotels.)
Shaking easily is the accepted anatomy of greeting. Kissing on one audacity amid women and amid women and men is accepted in littoral cities. Visitors should chase accustomed amusing courtesies and the atmosphere is about informal. A baby allowance from a aggregation or home country is sufficient. Dress is usually informal, although for some business affairs and amusing occasions men abrasion a anorak and tie.