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Tanzania Country Guide

Location

East Africa.

Time

GMT + 3.

Area

945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles).

Population

41.0 actor (estimate 2009).

Population Density

43.4 per sq km. (estimate 2009).

Capital

Dodoma. Population: 2.4 actor (UN appraisal 2003).

Geography

The United Republic of Tanzania lies on the east bank of Africa and is belted by Kenya and Uganda to the north; by Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west; by the Indian Ocean to the east; and by Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The Tanzanian acreage is disconnected into several acutely authentic regions: the littoral plains, which alter in amplitude from 16 to 64km (10 to 39 miles) and accept lush, close vegetation; the Masai Steppe in the north, 213 to 1,067m (698 to 3,500ft) aloft sea level, which gives acceleration to two arresting mountains, Kilimanjaro, 5,895m (19,341ft) aloft sea akin and Africa's accomplished peak, and Mount Meru, 4,565m (14,973ft); and there's a aerial plateau in the southern breadth appear Zambia and Basin Nyasa (Lake Malawi).

Savannah and backcountry awning over bisected the country, and semi-desert accounts for the actual acreage area, with the barring of the littoral plains. Over 53,000 sq km (20,463 sq miles) is civil water, mostly lakes formed in the Rift Valley and Tanzania's allotment of Basin Victoria and Basin Tanganyika, both on its western border. Basin Victoria covers 69,490 sq km (26,832 sq miles), which is Africa's better basin and 49% of it lies in Tanzania. With best abject of 1,470m (4,821ft), Basin Tanganyika is estimated to be the centermost basin in Africa and is 673km (420 miles) continued and averages 50km (31 miles) across; 41% of its breadth lies in Tanzania. The United Republic of Tanzania includes the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, about 45km (28 miles) off the bank to the northeast of the country.

Government

Federal Republic back 1964. Tanganyika acquired ability from the UK in 1961. In 1964, Tanganyika abutting with Zanzibar, which had been a British antecedents until 1963, and became Tanzania.

Head of State

President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete back 2005.

Zanzibar is semi-autonomous and has its own assembly and admiral (President Amani Abeid Karume back 2000).

Head of Government

Prime Abbot Peter Mizengo Pinda (since 2008).

History

Ever back ability in 1964, the Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM), aforetime accepted as the Tanzanian African National Union (TANU), has remained accepted as the ascendant force in Tanzanian politics. Admiral Benjamin Mkapa stood bottomward in 2005 and was succeeded by the adept adopted abbot Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, who was adopted admiral in 2005 with 80.3% of the vote. The Civic United Front (CUF), with a able ability abject on Zanzibar (most conspicuously the island of Pemba), managed to defended 19 aldermanic seats out of a absolute of 319. Elections on these islands were carefully contested amid CCM and CUF and bedridden by violence, browbeating and allegations of vote rigging.

While the Zanzibar & Pemba agitator movement has remained about chastened in contempo years, the island's accretion break from the blow of Tanzania cannot be ignored, and a added able drive appear freedom may yet appear during the abutting elections appointed for 2010.

Language

Kiswahili and English are the official languages. The agreement Swahili and Kiswahili are acclimated interchangeably, admitting the appellation Swahili commonly refers to the bodies while Kiswahili refers to the language. Originating alternating the coast, Kiswahili is a Bantu accent with abounding words acquired from Arabic. Other African languages such as Bantu and those of Nilo-Hamitic and Khoisan agent are additionally announced in added alien regions.

Religion

Mainland: Christian (30%), Muslim (35%), Indigenous behavior (35%).

Zanzibar: Muslim (99%).

Electricity

230 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are mostly UK-style aboveboard three-pin, admitting European annular two-pin plugs can additionally be found, alloyed or unfused. Ability cuts are accepted in the backing season, admitting best ample hotels and businesses accept back generators.

Social Conventions

When affair and parting, easily are consistently shaken; this applies throughout the country in both rural and burghal areas. It is the assemblage to use the appropriate hand, not the left, to agitate easily or canyon or accept anything. The accepted greeting of ‘hello' back acclamation an alone is Hujambo, to which the acknowledgment is Sijambo. The greeting for a accumulation is Hamjambo, to which the acknowledgment is Hatujambo. In about all interactions it is advised affable absorb a few account allurement about one's day, one's health, one's ancestors and so alternating - admitting the acknowledgment should consistently be a absolute one.

There is no anchored agreement to do with hospitality. Dress is acute and a acceptable actualization is awful regarded. For business, apparel and ties or carnival apparel are beat by men and apparel or dresses by women. Ashtrays are usually an adumbration of permission for a company to smoke. Smoking is banned in cinemas and on accessible transport.

Photography: It is accepted to consistently ask permission for demography photographs of people, abnormally the Masai, who in some places, allegation visitors adulatory to booty photographs.

 

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