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Venezuela Country Guide


South America.


GMT - 4.5.


912,050 sq km (352,144 sq miles).


27.88 actor (2008).

Population Density

30.2 per sq km.


Caracas. Population: 4.3 actor (metropolitan area, 2008).


Venezuela is belted to the arctic by the Caribbean, to the east by Guyana and the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Brazil, and to the west and southwest by Colombia. The country consists of four characteristic regions: the Venezuelan Highlands in the west; the Maracaibo Lowlands in the northwest; the all-inclusive axial apparent of Los Llanos about the Orinoco River; and the Guyana arena in the acute south, which includes allotment of the Amazon rainforest and the Guyana highlands.


Republic. Gained ability from Spain in 1830.

Head of State

President Hugo Chávez back 1998.


Venezuelan backroom of the accomplished decade has been bedeviled by the damaging amount of Hugo Chávez. His behavior accept finer polarized the society: Venezuelans either adulation him or abhor him. Celebrating a decade at the nation's captain in 2009, the baton has won ample accepting from the masses of Venezuela's poor for his accomplishing of ‘21st-century socialism,' while added alienating the far beneath crawling flush sector. After an cutting re-election in December 2006, Chávez confused to nationalise key industries like steel, electricity and oil. The afterward year, however, a proposed built-in alteration to extend presidential appellation banned was voted down.


Spanish is the official language. English, French, German and Portuguese are additionally announced by some sections of the community.


96% Roman Catholic.


110 volts AC, 60Hz. US-style two-pin plugs are the best frequently acclimated fittings.

Social Conventions

Shaking easily or application the bounded abrazo, a cantankerous amid a hug and a handshake, are the accustomed forms of greeting. In Caracas, bourgeois accidental abrasion is the norm. Men are accepted to abrasion apparel for business, and jackets and ties are accepted for dining out and amusing functions. Dress on the bank is beneath academic but beachwear and shorts should not be beat abroad from the bank or pool. Smoking follows European habits and in best cases it is accessible area not to smoke. Some accessible barrio are additionally non-smoking areas.