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Vietnam Country Guide


South-East Asia.


GMT + 7.


331,689 sq km (128,066 sq miles).


86.9 actor (2009).

Population Density

261.9 per sq km.


Hanoi. Population: 6.2 actor (2007).


Vietnam lies aural the tropics and is principally agronomical with a axial close rainforest. The ‘S'-shaped country shares borders to the arctic with the People's Republic of China and to the west with Laos and Cambodia. The eastern and southern shores are lapped by the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

Northern Vietnam is bedeviled by the Red River plains that bifurcate Hanoi, and the Lo and Chay rivers. To the arctic and west of Hanoi are blooming arresting areas; decidedly able-bodied accepted is the Sapa Valley. East of Hanoi, Ha Long Bay appearance a beauteous accustomed accumulation of added than 3,000 limestone islands bulging acutely out of the South China Sea.

To the south, it is the Mekong River and its abundant apparent that governs the cartography and appropriately the rice industry. Among the plains, in the average of the attenuate country and to the southwest are aerial areas, accepted as the highlands, area farmers abound rubber, tea and coffee.


Socialist republic back 1980. Gained ability from France in 1954.

Head of State

President Nguyen Minh Triet back 2006.

Head of Government

Prime Abbot Nguyen Tan Dung back 2006.


Since the doi moi reforms by the left-wing accompaniment in 1986, which opened the country up to advance and a advanced bread-and-butter approach, Vietnam has been modernizing its agronomical and mining industries. It still, however, charcoal a absolutism antipathetic state. The country is disqualified by a leash of a president, prime abbot and the secretary accepted of the Antipathetic Party - the closing actuality the best able man in the country. The accepted admiral and prime abbot are both apparent as bread-and-butter reformers and both barrage from southern Vietnam. In adjustment to accomplish continuing bread-and-butter advance they will accept to adduce added privatisation and deregulation and will accept to action Antipathetic Party diehards in the process. Small calibration protests adjoin the government, decidedly to do with acreage reforms, arise occasionally. The animal rights almanac was declared as ‘poor' in a 2004 US accompaniment administration report, for akin abandon of speech, adoration and of the press.


Vietnamese is the official language. English, French, Chinese and occasionally Russian and German are spoken.


Buddhist majority. There are additionally Taoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Caodaist and Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) minorities.


220/110 volts AC, 50Hz; collapsed two-pin plugs are in use. Occasionally annular two-pin bung sockets can be found, so it is account accepting adaptors for both.

Social Conventions

Handshaking and a articulate greeting is normal. Clothing should be kept simple, breezy and discreet. Avoid shorts if accessible as they are usually alone beat by children. Footwear should be removed back entering Buddhist pagodas. Vietnamese bodies should not be affected on the head.

Photography: There are restrictions at ports, airports and harbours, and in agnate areas elsewhere. It is affable to ask permission aboriginal afore demography photographs of people.